Molecular engineering of acoustic protein nanostructures

Ultrasound is among the most widely used biomedical imaging modalities, revealing babies' first pictures and helping diagnose disease. Yet ultrasound has limited ability to image specific molecular targets due to the lack of nanoscale contrast agents.

HFSP Cross-Disciplinary Fellow David Maresca and colleagues
authored on Mon, 10 October 2016

We introduce gas vesicles - genetically encoded hollow nanoproteins from buoyant photosynthetic microbes - as a molecular engineering platform for multimodal ultrasound imaging. By means of chemical and genetic engineering, we successfully tuned the mechanical, acoustic, surface, functional and targeting properties of gas vesicles to enable harmonic, multiplexed, and multimodal ultrasound imaging.

For the full story see the press release from the California Institute of Technology

Figure: Illustration of acoustic protein nanostructures known as gas vesicles, whose hollow, gas-filled interiors enable them to scatter sound waves and thereby become visible to ultrasound. The gas vesicle's protein shell accommodates new components that can be engineered at the genetic level and “snapped on” to the nanostructure to tune its acoustic properties, to make it fluorescent, or to target it to cancer cells. Image courtesy of Barth van Rossum (ACS Publications).

Reference

Molecular engineering of acoustic protein nanostructures. Lakshmanan A, Farhadi A, Nety ST, Lee-Gosselin A, Bourdeau RW, Maresca D, Shapiro MG*.  ACS Nano 10, 7314-22 (2016).

Link to article

Pubmed link